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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10386/549

Title: Effects of supplementing Venda hens with vitamin E on egg production, hatchability and chick productivity
Authors: Monyamane, Moeti Mochaki
Advisors: Ng'ambi, J.W.
Other Contributors: Norris, D.
Keywords: Chicken feeding
Chicken breeding
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: A study was conducted to determine the effect of vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens on egg production, hatchability and chick productivity. The first part of the study determined the effect of vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens on feed intake, number of eggs, egg weight, egg content, egg hatchability and chick hatch-weight. Supplementation levels of 0, 200, 400, 800 and 1000 mg of vitamin E per kg DM feed were used in a completely randomized design having five replications with two birds per replicate. Vitamin E supplementation did not have any effect (P<0.05) on number of eggs and feed intake of Venda hens. However, egg weight, egg content, hatchability and chick hatch-weight of Venda chickens improved (P<0.05) with vitamin E supplementation. Dietary vitamin E supplementation values for optimal egg white weight, egg yolk nitrogen content, egg white nitrogen content, egg hatchability and number of eggs were 476 (r2 = 0.756), 750 (r2 = 0.170), 750 (r2 = 0.182), 445 (r2 = 0.670) and 113 (r2=0.966) mg of vitamin E per kg DM feed, respectively. The second part of the study determined the effect of vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens on performance of their progenies between one and seven weeks old. A completely randomized design was used. All the chickens were fed the same commercial grower diet. Dietary vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens had no effect (P<0.05) on growth rate and mortality of their progenies between one and seven weeks. Feed intake, feed conversion ratio and live weight of progenies improved (P<0.05) with supplementation of vitamin E to the diets of Venda hens. Dietary vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens did not have any effect (P<0.05) on dry matter intake, dry matter digestibility, nitrogen retention and metabolisable energy of their progenies at seven weeks old. vi The third part of the study determined the effect of vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens on performance of their male progenies aged between eight and 13 weeks. A completely randomized design was used. All the chickens were fed the same commercial grower diet. Vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens did not improve (P<0.05) feed intake, growth rate, feed conversion ratio, live weight and mortality of their male progenies between eight and 13 weeks old. However, Venda hens supplemented with vitamin E produced male progenies with improved (P<0.05) dry matter intake, digestibility, nitrogen retention metabolisable energy, breast meat nitrogen content, gizzard weight, liver weight and heart weight at 13 weeks old. Carcass weight, breast meat yield, drum stick, thigh and wing weight of chickens at 13 weeks old were not affected (P>0.05) by vitamin E supplementation to the diets of the hens It is concluded that supplementation of vitamin E to the diets of indigenous Venda hens improved (P<0.05) egg weight, egg content and chick hatch-weight during the laying period. Vitamin E supplementation to the diets of Venda hens improved (P<0.05) feed intake, live weight, feed conversion ratio, gizzard and liver weight of their progenies. Production variables were optimized at different levels of vitamin E supplementation. Thus, this study provided new information on the effect of vitamin E supplementation to the diets of indigenous Venda hens on chick productivity and carcass characteristics of their progenies.
Description: Thesis (M.Sc. (Animal Production)) --University of Limpopo, 2010
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10386/549
Library of Congress Subject Headings: Chickens -- South Africa -- Breeding
Chickens -- Hatcheries
Appears in Collections:Theses and Dissertations (Agriculture)

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